The Directory of the Association for Qualitative Research is now in its eighth edition - and being read by an ever increasing audience. Ann Whalley charts the industry behind the book, and AQR’s goals for 2002
The AQR Directory is such an established part of the qualitative research world that it is easy to forget that there are a fair number of virgin readers to each issue. So for these newcomers, we offer a brief intro to the industry and our role within it.
Most readers use this publication as a quick and easy way to locate researchers and suppliers, but it has an additional function. It enables us to provide an update on AQRs aims, its performance over the past year and - for the first time - to showcase some brand new statistics on this sector. The Directory also contains essential data on AQR members, useful industry contacts, and insights into specific industry sectors and issues.
But first, an insight into the industry. Qualitative research enables skilled researchers to explore and understand peoples attitudes, motivations and behaviour to a specific subject matter, product, brand or service. While quantitative research elicits who is doing what, qualitative research explores the reasons consumer decisions, the how and why behind the what.
It is based on small samples of people, with group discussions and focus groups being the most commonly used methods. Others include face-to-face depth interviews at one end of the scale and observation (sometimes, for example, accompanied shopping trips) at the other.
The industry has existed in the UK for some 40 years, and is rooted primarily in psychology and related social sciences, from which it takes its methodological and conceptual procedures. It is not, however, static and is constantly adopting new methods to mine consumer thinking and behaviour more richly and deeply in search of the all too elusive truth.
The Association for Qualitative Research (AQR) represents those involved at every stage of the qualitative research process: from commissioners through to recruiters and viewing facility proprietors. It aims to be the mind, body, soul and voice of commercial qualitative research, and as such to raise the industrys profile among the general business community, politicians and the media.
Its responsibilities fall into four key areas:
- Promotion of qualitative research
- Raising of standards
- Encouragement of new thinking
- Provision of a medium for members to interact
The qualitative research industry may have been around for close on half a century in the UK, but facts and figures on its make-up have proved hard to locate. Thats why this year, for the first time, the AQR has risen to the challenge and set about collecting its own. The data below is based on anonymous responses to a questionnaire sent out simultaneously with Directory forms. Just to put these figures in context, the Associations membership currently breaks down as follows:
- 7% advertising agencies
- 16% other (including clients)
- 19% independents
- 58% market research agencies
So just what sort of facts did the questionnaires elicit? Some of the more interesting findings include:
- The majority (78%) claimed a turnover of less than £500,000, which is what you might expect from an association whose roots lie with independent researchers. Slightly more surprising, however, is the relative dearth of organisations whose turnover fell into the £500,000-£1,000,000 bracket (only 9%). They were even outnumbered by those with a turnover of £1m-plus (13%), suggesting that medium size is difficult to maintain.
- While the most commonly used methodology, by far, is the group discussion (98% of members generate income from groups), individual/paired/triad depths are also used extensively (86% of members generate income from this methodology).
In addition, brainstorming/idea generation (used by 39%) and observation (used by 19%) are also frequently employed. Other reported methodologies included consultancy, workshops and on-line, all going to prove that the industry is making use of an increasing number of methods to get inside consumers heads.
- The membership is becoming increasingly international with just under one half (47%) claiming that they held some groups overseas. Members appear optimistic about future growth with over one fifth (21%) anticipating growth of 10% or more and a further quarter (25%) envisaging 5% or more.
- A staggering two thirds (65%) do not take on graduates, which bodes ill for the future of the industry. Of those graduates who are taken on, one half (51%) claimed to pay a starting salary of £14,000-£17,000 and just over a quarter (27%) between £17,000 and £20,000. The remainder either did not know or paid less than £14,000.
- The academic background of graduates taken on predictably focussed around social sciences (57%), humanities (47%) and the Arts (43%). There is also, however, strong evidence of new researchers with business skills (40%).
AQR past and present
This research represents a pretty good snapshot of the qualitative research industry, but the publication of a new Directory also represents an ideal time to look back on AQR activities over the past year - and to look forward to the Associations aims in the following one. So just what did go on in 2001?
The AQRs PR focus is to increase perceptions of professionalism and innovation in the industry, working hand in hand with our agency Camargue. A list of spokespeople has been compiled who can be fielded to talk on specialist areas and this is resulting in increasing coverage in the media.
The AQRs qualitative recruitment guidelines are now complete and will be cross-referenced to the MRS qualitative guidelines.
A key aim this year is to develop a specialist qualitative accreditation system. Again this will be done in partnership with the MRS.
The new data protection legislation has now been interpreted in the context of the market research industry and AQR will be distributing to members the specific implications for all aspects of the qualitative research process.
There will, as ever, be a 2002 Trends day in November. This provides an annual forum to put forward and debate ideas that have been generated in the preceding year.
This year will also see the presentation of the first Prosper Riley Smith Award, in memory of a man who was a key industry figure and an invaluable contributor to AQR (as chair, vice chair and treasurer) and who sadly passed away in September 2001. The award, for Fresh Thinking in Qualitative Research, will be worth in the region of £1,500.
In terms of training and education, a new introduction for 2002 will be the Masterclass for senior researchers in June. This is a one-day seminar designed to spotlight a number of topical areas such as neuroscience, postmodernism and discourse analysis.
Interaction is, of course, always encouraged via our networker service. This enables independents to exchange each others contact details and compare notes on many industry issues, including prices.
We are also in the process of introducing the facility for different groups to chat about various issues onto the web site. The first of these is for field personnel and is already live, to be followed by one for new researchers and for those independents on the networker list.
The web site, which was relaunched last year, has proved a big success with just under 3,000 visits per month and rising. It also features an online - and searchable - version of the Directory. We have plans to increase the sites services to members and will be launching a facility for enhanced commercial mailings this year.
We have also recently improved and developed our already successful bi-monthly magazine, In Brief.
Objective for 2002
An overall aim for 2002 is to focus on improving both the quality of service and benefits to current members, and to recruit new members. Specifically, the AQR is committed to bringing new talent into the industry and, to this end, has developed a graduate pack that is being distributed to a large number of educational establishments.
This article was first published in InBrief magazine, February 2002
Copyright © Association for Qualitative Research, 2002